ACA Papers on International Cooperation in Education

In 1999, ACA started its own monograph series. The ACA Papers on International Cooperation in Education, published by Lemmens Medien GmbH in Bonn/Germany, were an immediate success. All of the books are standard reading in educational internationalisation, and they are quoted widely. The books combine the advantages of readability with a sound research base. Most of them emerged from ACA's projects in the field of analysis and research.

How to order

The books in this series can be obtained through any bookshop. They can also be ordered from the publisher:
Lemmens Medien GmbH, Matthias-Grünewald-Str. 1-3, D-53175 Bonn, 
Tel.:  +49 (0)2 28/42 13 70
Fax: +49 (0)2 28/42 13 7-29
E-mail: info(at)
Or online via the publishers' website.

Portable State Grants and Loans An overview and their contribution to outgoing student mobility.

Queenie K.H. Lam, Danja Oste, with Irina Ferencz and Bernd Wächter. Bonn: Lemmens 2013. ISBN 978-3-86856-011-4

Portable state grants and loans possess enormous “potential” for supporting outgoing student mobility. Over 25 European countries have allowed such national funds to be used outside their national borders. Among them, some 15 countries reported that their state grants and/or loans can be used, in principle, for both outgoing credit and degree mobility, offering annually at least 1.65 million students the “opportunities” to use such financial aid to study abroad. For degree mobility alone...


Mobility Windows. From Concept to Practice

Irina Ferencz, Kristina Hauschildt and Irma Garam (eds.), Bonn: Lemmens 2013,ISBN 978-3-86856-009-1

Over the past decade, the notion of mobility windows has become highly relevant for the European policy discourse and student mobility practices. In the current European policy context, mobility windows are mostly viewed as an instrument to achieve ambitious mobility targets in the Bologna context. However, despite the frequent use of the term and the associated hopes, no shared understanding of the concept of mobility windows has emerged in the European higher education community...


Tying it all together. Excellence, mobility, funding and the social dimension in higher education

Bernd Wächter, Queenie (K.H.) Lam and Irina Ferencz (eds.). Bonn: Lemmens, 2012. ISBN 978-3-86856-006-0.

Internationalisation and international mobility, inclusiveness, excellence and funding are themes high on the higher education agenda. There is no shortage of literature on them, and there are conferences galore devoted to them. But they are usually dealt with in isolation, which leads to a distorting ‘single issue’ view of higher education. This book – and the conference it emerged from – tried to avoid this mistake.

The book looks at the ‘inter-relationships’ between the four themes. Can a socially inclusive and responsible university also achieve academic excellence? Can only rich universities be truly international, or do universities become rich through...


European and national policies for academic mobility. Linking rhetoric, practice and mobility trends

Irina Ferencz, Bernd Wächter (eds.). Bonn: Lemmens, 2012. ISBN 978-3-86856-005-3.

The promotion of international student and staff mobility has over the past decades become a major policy objective of the European Union. Large-scale mobility programmes, such as ERASMUS, have been created, and ambitious mobility targets (20% of all students) have been set at the European level, to ensure that more and more European students become internationally mobile. Have these European efforts been mirrored by similar attempts at the national level? Are national policies and strategies in line with the European mobility ambitions, and if so, on which issues and to what extent? More generally, is there cross-country convergence in the mobility policies, priorities and instruments of individual European countries? These are...


International Student Support in European Higher Education. Needs, Solutions, and Challenges

Maria Kelo, Tim Rogers (with Laura E. Rumbley). Bonn: Lemmens, 2010. ISBN 978-3-932306-99-0.

European higher education has long attracted international students from within the region and beyond. A strong tradition of intra-European mobility in recent decades is now being complemented by an energetic effort to expand the enrolment of non-European students, a key element in the overall European push to strengthen the competitive position of Europe’s higher education sector. By most accounts, this is an exciting development, but it also raises many important questions. Most fundamentally, what do non-European students – notably those who are coming to Europe for full-degree programmes rather than short-term exchange experiences – need from their host institutions in...


The Professional Value of ERASMUS Mobility. The Impact of International Experience on Former Students' and on Teachers' Careers

Kerstin Janson, Harald Schomburg and Ulrich Teichler. Bonn: Lemmens, 2009. ISBN 978-3-932306-96-9

Since 1987,  the European mobility programme ERASMUS enabled over two million students to study in another European country. The programme was and remains a success story. After a series of comprehensive evaluation studies the European Commission initiated a study on the impact of ERASMUS, notably on the subsequent careers of formerly mobile students and teachers. This study, called ‘The Professional Value of ERASMUS’ (VALERA), points out a paradox of continuity and change. The immediate value of the ERASMUS experience for students seems to be unchanged: the eye-opening value...


Beyond 2010. Priorities and challenges for higher education in the next decade.

Kelo, Maria (ed.). Bonn: Lemmens, 2008. ISBN 978-3-932306-92-1.

2010 is an important date on the European calendar. It marks the first decade of advancement on the European Lisbon goals, i.e. making Europe a globally competitive knowledge-based economy - and in education policy terms, it is a significant benchmark for both the Education and Training 2010 agenda and the higher education reforms related to the Bologna Process. However, many of the goals of these processes will not be wholly accomplished across Europe by the established timeframe, despite the ambitions and efforts.


English-Taught Programmes in European Higher Education. The Picture in 2007

Wächter, Bernd & Maiworm, Friedhelm. Bonn: Lemmens, 2008. ISBN 978-3-932306-89-1.

International students have long favoured Anglophone countries as study destinations. And it goes without saying that the role of English as the lingua franca has been instrumental in attracting foreign students. In the last years of the past century, continental European higher education institutions started to teach in English, too, seeking to overcome their linguistic drawback. In 2002, the Academic Cooperation Association (ACA) produced the first ever overview and analysis of the phenomenon. The study, published in the ACA Papers on International Cooperation in Education, found that English-medium tuition in...


Support for International Students in Higher Education

Kelo, Maria. Bonn, Lemmens 2006. ISBN 3-932306-82-1.

In the increasing global competition for the best students, the quality and attractiveness of an institution does no longer depend only on its academic, teaching and research standards: services to students have come to play an important role in the quality assessment – and thus competitiveness – of institutions. But what services should be available? How to respond to the needs and expectations of international students in particular? Who should provide support for them and how should it be organised? This study presents a number of models of good practice in service provision...


The Future of the University. Translating Lisbon into practice.

Kelo, Maria (ed.) Bonn, Lemmens 2006. ISBN 3-932306-78-3.

Today, Europe is a wealthy continent. But tomorrow, it could be much poorer. An unfavourable demographic development, the high price of labour, and relentless competition from old and new competitors threaten Europe’s comfortable position. To counterbalance these dangers, Europe has adopted the Lisbon Strategy. It sets Europe the aim of becoming a world leader in innovation and knowledge creation. Alongside with other knowledge producers, universities and other higher education institutions thus have a key role in making the Lisbon Strategy work...


On Cooperation and Competition II. Institutional Responses to Internationalisation, Europeanisation and Globalisation

Jeroen Huisman, Marijk van der Wende (eds.). Bonn: Lemmens 2005. ISBN 3-932306-68-6.

Like the first volume of On Cooperation and Competion, this book describes and analyses the policies for the internationalisation of higher education in seven European countries (Austria, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the UK). While the first volume (2004) dealt with national policies, this part of the study is devoted to internationalisation policies at institutional level. The study was coordinated by Marijk van der Wende of the well-known Dutch think tank CHEPS (Centre for Higher Education Policy Studies). The publications are the...


Opening up to the Wider World. The External Dimension of the Bologna Process.

Franziska Muche (ed.). Bonn: Lemmens 2005. ISBN 3-932306-67-8.

The Bologna Process stands for the European integration process in the field of higher education. The progress achieved so far within the Bologna member states is admirable; however, a concentration on internal processes can only be a first step towards becoming a global actor. The Bologna declaration formulates the objective of enhancing the attractiveness of European higher education on a global scale, and this statement has been repeated and refined since 1999. But is the implementation of Bologna really making Europe more attractive and transparent, and if so, how?...


The Admission of International Students into Higher Education. Policies and Instruments.

Franziska Muche, Maria Kelo, Bernd Wächter. Bonn: Lemmens 2004. ISBN 3-932306-62-7

Universities and other higher education institutions operate in an increasingly international environment. Many of them run international marketing campaigns and recruit students on a global scale. Even those which do not engage in such activities are sometimes flooded with student applications from all over the world. Therefore, policies and instruments for the admission of international students are rapidly gaining in importance. In this situation, institutions are looking for admission models which will both help them get the “right” students and rationalise...


Higher Education in a Changing Environment. Internationalisation of Higher Education Policy in Europe.

Bernd Wächter (ed.). Bonn: Lemmens 2004. ISBN 3-932306-55-4.

An astonishing development has taken place over the last ten years. Internationalisation of higher education, once a marginal concern, has moved centre-stage. It has become “mainstreamed” and is now regarded as part and parcel of “higher education policy”. In a parallel move, what was earlier called education policy has become subject to international debate and decision-making and thus of “internationalisation”. As a result, the activities referred to under the term “internationalisation” have become widened. There are two types of internationalisation. “Old internationalisation” concerns...


On Cooperation and Competition. National and European Policies for the Internationalisation of Higher Education.

Jeroen Huisman, Marijk van der Wende (eds.). Bonn: Lemmens 2004. ISBN 3-932306-54-6.

This publication describes and analyses the national policies for the internationalisation of higher education in seven European countries (Austria, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the UK), as well as the European Union’s higher education policies. The study, which was funded by the European Commission’s Research Directorate and coordinated by Marijk van der Wende of the well-known Dutch think tank CHEPS (Centre for Higher Education Policy Studies), is the first publication to take an in-depth look into this theme again, after...  


English-Language-Taught Degree Programmes in European Higher Education.

Friedhelm Maiworm, Bernd Wächter. Bonn: Lemmens 2002. ISBN 3-932306-47-3.

The present book explores the quality and quantity of English-Language-Taught Degree Programmes (abbreviated ELTDPs) in 19 European countries where English is not the native language. The study maps the provision of ELTDPs identifying the general level of provision, the picture in different countries, the type, the size and age of the institutions offering ELTDPs, and the main subject areas in which they are being offered. The study also addresses qualitative issues of ELTDPs. It identifies key factors of importance for any...


Erasmus in the SOCRATES Programme, Findings of an Evaluation Study

Ulrich Teichler. Bonn: Lemmens 2002. ISBN 3-932306-41-4.

ERASMUS, the "flagship" among the educational programmes of the European Union, underwent substanial programmatic and structural changes when it became a sub-programme under the umbrella of the SOCRATES programme in the mid-1990s. The role of the center of the university was strengthened at the expenses of the networks of departements, and more emphasis was placed on curricular innovation, teaching staff mobility and on involvement of the non-mobile students. This study, being part of the SOCRATES 2000 Evaluation Study, aims...


The Virtual Challenge to International Cooperation in Higher Education

Bernd Wächter. Bonn: Lemmens 2002. ISBN 3-932306-40-6.

Based on the outcome of an expert seminar held in Fjaerland/Norway in June 2001, the book explores the phenomenon of online learning and its relationship to the present concepts of internationalisation. Will e-learning replace partly or fully classroom-based instruction, and will the new "click universities" perhaps even endanger the existence of (some of the) "brick-and-mortar" institutions? Will online education put an end to international mobility and exchange, and other forms of internationalisation? How can and should funding agencies in the field...  


Handbook on European Associations in Higher Education. A Practical Guide to Academic Networks in Europe and Beyond

Bernd Wächter. Bonn: Lemmens 2000. ISBN 3-932306-37-6.

In the past 15 years, European cooperation in higher education has increased dramatically. During the same period, a large number of academic associations have come into being. A few insiders know their names; hardly anyone knows what they actually do. What is their history? What are their aims, their main activities, their publications and their most noteworthy projects? How are they governed? This publication answers these and many other related questions. It attempts to shed light on the "inner workings" of the 37 most relevant academic networks in Europe... 


Internationalisation of Higher Education

Bernd Wächter (ed.). Bonn: Lemmens, 1999. ISBN 3-932306-33-3.

Internationalisation and international cooperation have moved centrestage as themes in the current higher education debate. But what does internationalisation actually mean? What are the motives that lead universities and other higher education institutions to systematically cooperate with partners in other countries and continents? What are the typical activities in international collaboration? What are the policies and strategies that drive them? How does one internationalise a whole continent? These are some of the questions explored in the present publication. It consists...


Internationalisation in European Non-University Education

Bernd Wächter (ed.). Bonn: Lemmens, 1999. ISBN 3-932306-35-X.

Europe´s universities have a long tradition of international cooperation. But what about the “non-university” type of higher education institution, such as the Dutch hogescholen, the German Fachhochschulen, or the Irish Institutes of Technology? It is often assumed that the international cooperation activities of these young institutions are quite limited. However, little research has been devoted to the issue so far. The Academic Cooperation Association (ACA) has therefore decided to explore the state of internationalisation in Europe´s “non-universities”. The present publication contains...